a. Ethic of accountability
How I do or don't charge for public events
My policy on travelling and flying
Economic witness: table of financial accountability
e. An Idea of What I Speak on
(opens new page)
Ethic of accountability
Money matters if we are to live in and engage with the world. Seen simply,
it's just a token of exchange. But press more deeply and money expresses power. If one has and another
hasn't, there's a power imbalance.
Maybe that's inevitable, but it calls for mutual accountability if our
work invokes justice. On this page I therefore give economic account and discuss how,
when and how much I
charge for the work that I undertake.
Some of my social and environmental activist work is controversial precisely because it engages with
power. As my
public itinerary shows, I share ideas with strange bedfellows. These range from radical campaigning
organisations to academia, the military, police and corporations. I don't mind
who I speak to provided I am free to say what I think at least broadly within
the terms of the
Chatham House Rule.
I do have to be paid for most of my work because although I no longer have a
mortgage, I do not have private income and am not (except to a 10% time extent
with Edinburgh University) on anybody's payroll. The problem with that is the
perception that "He who
pays the piper calls the tune." Given my strange bedfellows and the
controversial nature of some of my campaigning work I decided
nearly twenty years ago to make my sources of income transparent.
Listed in the table below is both what I earn each year
- both gross as turnover and net after deduction of business expenses as accepted
by the UK Inland Revenue. I also state income sources wherever a sum received in
a given year exceeds
£1,000. I also list lesser amounts wherever these might be of a nature that
might be considered unusual within some of the circles that I move. Further information
exactly what I do is on the full or short
versions of my CV, listed inmy public itinerary
and reflected in my publications.
For example, to understand what I say when speaking at military staff colleges,
publications on nonviolence.
I always feel uncomfortable providing
such economic accountability. These days people are often happy talking about their sex
lives but less so about their money. As such, I often ponder whether economic accountability fussing, or an important way of
establishing right relationships as
well as guarding against being "sucked in" and thereby progressively
corrupting one's own voice. In Scotland's Iona Community members have to give "economic witness"
to one another and many say this is the hardest part of the Community's
discipline. It challenges egos, values, sense of
self-worth and relationships with one another, yet if we are serious about
justice and community in the world perhaps that is precisely where we need to
How I do or don't charge for public events
is relatively well known because I have written a number of
books. However, these are not titles that fall of the shelves and they
remunerate me very little for the enormous amount of time that goes into the
gathering of experience, researching and writing. For example, Soil and Soul has so far sold about 16,000 copies and
brought in royalties of just over £7,000. But it took five years to write, and I've been at my
current book, Poacher's Pilgrimage (an ecology of the imagination) for
the same amount of time. How? I don't know. The first draft only takes a few
weeks. The rest is hard graft. What keeps the
show financially on the road is therefore not doing the writing, but "being a writer" in the
public eye. What this means is that I earn most of my living from delivering keynote presentations
at events, running workshops, teaching
special courses and consultancy, so in financial terms the books are what get me
known and demonstrate and consolidate experience.
I therefore have to charge a speaking or teaching fee for most events
(including travel and subsistence costs). This has to factor in the
background work otherwise the wheels of what I'm able to offer. How much to charge?
In 2007 I took advice and was told: "What you offer is unique so
you need to find a way to set your ‘value’ at a reasonably
high rate, while allowing you to be realistic in relation to the kinds of
public with whom you want to engage." I avoid having a fixed rate but my
suggested rates, counting a talk/event as constituting one day's time
including an average amount of preparation, are:
|Non-governmental organisations -
Where travelling time does not fit comfortably within a working day I
suggest 50% of the given day rate, and where preparation time goes beyond a
few hours I will also charge at daily rates - for example, if a carefully
crafted written script is required or above average background research.
Oh dear, it's awkward to talk about money like
this, and many speakers work though agencies and do not publicise their
rates, but I prefer transparency. However,
here's the caveat. In practice, I undertake work from everything
from the top corporate rate down to zero, especially for local community
groups. I therefore ask people
not to be put off if their resources slender but, at the same time, to
understand the limitations and choices I have to make in what I can
undertake for little or no payment. Consider whether your group can do some
fundraising. In practice I find that most groups are very understanding of
the position that I have outlined here. At the end of the day my earnings
figures show that I make a living, but not a killing, and I am thankful that
this seems to work.
that want to invite me should first make contact by
email or letter. I prefer this to being
phoned out of the blue and put on the spot when I might be juggling
different things and need time to consider. My website itinerary gives approximate dates when I'm
already booked, but this is only a rough guide and some dates can be flexible -
often marked s.t.c. on my itinerary (subject to confirmation). For example,
I often broadcast Thought for the
Day on BBC Radio Scotland but can usually arrange a swap if there's a clash with
an offer of paid work. Unfortunately I rarely agree these days to
chair events because my hearing is not up to it unless there are microphones
with a good loop induction system. Most of what I undertake comprises of keynote
addresses at conferences or special events, readings, teaching special courses
and panels where there is a good acoustic.
policy on travel and flying
Part of my work is international and concerned
with global issues such as war, climate change and corporate responsibility.
Although I am aware of the environmental cost, I nevertheless have to fly
to conserve personal energy and time.
From where I live on the west coast railway line (which is often unreliable for
making connections), overland travel would entail 2 days travel in each direction to get to many European destinations. Nobody's going to pay me for that amount time
and I don't have independent means. I therefore have to
either stay at home and stop working internationally, or fly - including,
sometimes, to the south of England. If I feel that an event is justified I'll bite
the bullet and fly. However, I quite often turn down distant invitations where I feel that the carbon karma can't be justified.
I'm also well aware that some would argue that it's never justified.
The amount of travel I do can be wearing, and a bit of a busman's holiday.
People often don't realise how far away Scotland is. To
give a talk in, say, the south of England or the middle of Wales, is the best
part of a working day each way on a train. I therefore try to group such invitations together
and encourage groups that might be thinking of inviting me to check my itinerary to
see if this can be facilitated.
As part of minimising wear and tear from travelling, I'm no longer so willing to burn the candle
and rough it like I used to. While that doesn't mean business class travel
or "good" hotels, it does require accommodation that provides peace and quiet,
and a schedule
where I can keep up with my
other work and remain in good condition whilst on the road. I invariably find that hosts are very understanding of this, and I
thank you all for for such consideration.
Table of Financial Accountability
1998 - March 2016
|April 2015 to March 2016
||Gross turnover was £18,655 from self-employment plus
£4,038 from a 10% employment at Edinburgh University's Divinity School
(AHRC) = £22,693. After deduction of business expenses of £5,396 and own
books for samples/resale of £2,347, this yielded a net taxable income of
Sources of my gross self-employed income of £18,655 were:
Writing/royalties £852; Speaking fees £8,370; Broadcasting fees £780;
Consultancy £5,950, Book sales £2,302, Miscellaneous £399.
Items in excess of £1,000, or items that might be deemed
controversial, were: Speaking tour with University Congregational United
Church, Seattle, £3,040; Climate change and Community empowerment
training with Planning Department, Government of Papua, Indonesia (see
report), £4,550; Climate change & consumerism slide presentation for
same, £1,400; speaking on nonviolence on the Advanced and Higher
Command & Staff courses at the UK Defence Academy, £700.
|April 2014 to March 2015
||Gross turnover was £23,561 from self-employment plus
£4,470 from transient/minor employments (mostly Edinburgh University's
divinity school) = £28,031. After deduction of business expenses of
£5,901, and own books for samples/resale of £2,857, this yielded a net
taxable income of £19,273.
Sources of my gross self-employed
income of £23,561 were: Writing/royalties £1,338; Speaking fees £5,569;
Teaching fees £3,076; Broadcasting fees £895; Consultancy £10,550; Book
sales £2,188, currency losses -£55.
Items in excess of £1,000, or items that might be deemed
controversial, were: Training (climate change and community empowerment)
for Government of Papua, Indonesia, Planning Dept. £8,450; Salvia
Foundation consultancy £2,100; events linked to Keynsham Festival
£1,200; Iona Community programme £1,000; UK & Irish defence college
teaching (nonviolence) £670.
|April 2013 to March 2014
|Gross turnover was £15,535 which, after deduction of
business expenses of £4,162 and own books for samples and resale of
£1,694, left a net income of £9,679 from self-employment, plus £2,170
from a 10% fellowship post at Edinburgh University's School of Divinity
commencing October 2013, thus net taxable income of £11,849.
Again, writing has been my main focus, Poacher's Pilgrimage
finally going to my literary agent in March 2014.
Sources of gross self-employed income were Writing/royalties £1,015,
Speaking fees £8,660, Teaching fees £1,000, Broadcasting fees £790,
Consultancy £1,800 and Book sales at events £2,270.
Items in excess of £1,000, or items that might be deemed
controversial, were: Irish Defence Force £340, Ministry of Defence £700
(these are standard speaking fees for guest lectures on nonviolence),
ESD Consulting for keynote conference speaking on environmental higher
education £1,500, Scottish Community Alliance for keynote address
planning, preparation and delivery, BAPPEDA Indonesia for input on Nov 2013 training course,
This latter payment was invoiced on a consultancy basis to my wife,
Verene Nicolas, who was on this occasion the contract holder with
BAPPEDA for a programme that involved various CHE colleagues. On this
occasion the Indonesian authorities deducted tax at their end. Having
spoken with the Inland Revenue it seems that Verene sorts out the double
taxation side of things via her tax return and I simply invoice her for
my share and declare it on my tax return in the usual way.
|April 2012 to March 2013
||Gross turnover was £21,783 which,
after deduction of business expenses of £5,127 and own books for samples
and resale of £1,921, left a net income of £14,735. The
Indonesian work was the main activity this year and supported my
writing, which absorbs most of my time but earns little. This enabled
work on Poacher's Pilgrimage and the writing and publishing of
Sources of gross income were Writing/royalties £1,246, Speaking fees
£4,039, Teaching fees £3,301, Broadcasting fees £625, Consultancy
£10,460 and Book sales at events £2,110.
Items in excess of £1,000, or items that might be deemed
controversial, were: £350 speaking fee from the Ministry of Defence and £11,890 course
design and teaching fees in Scotland and Indonesia from
Planning Dept on community empowerment.
|April 2011 to March 2012
Much of this year has been spent writing
(and therefore earning less). Also, with the recession total turnover
fell to £16,690, less bulk book purchases for sale/samples bringing it
to £15,360, less business expenses of £4,196 leaving a net taxable
personal income for the year of £11,165.
of gross income were: writing/royalties £1,207, Speaking fees £6,010,
Teaching fees £3,038, Broadcasting fees £1,352, Book sales at events
£1,596, Consultancy £3,488.
Items in excess of £1,000 or which might be deemed
controversial were a fee from Schumacher
College for teaching a spiritual activism course (£1,200) and consultancy
(£3,488) in association with the Centre for Human Ecology from the UK
Foreign Office and BAPPEDA Indonesia for work with the
|April 2010 to March 2011
||Total turnover for the year was £21,582, less bulk book
purchases for sale/samples, leaving turnover from main activities as
£19,352 which, after deduction of allowable business expenses of £5,073
leaves a net taxable personal income for the year of £14,279.
This is down on previous years due to several event cancellations owing
to the economic climate and the fact that much of my time is being spent
working on my next book.
Main items of turnover were £3,155 writing/royalties, £10,717
speaking fees, £3,925 teaching fees and £980 BBC broadcasting fees, with
most of the rest being book sales at events.
Main income sources that either exceed £1,000 from any one source or
might be deemed controversial were: Royalties from Rekindling Community
and Love & Revolution had backlogged, causing this income line to be
double the usual amount, £1,000 in speaking fees from each of ESD
consulting and the European Churches, £1,260 from Le Cheile Schools
Trust in Ireland, £1,200 from WWF International, £710 speaking fees from
the Irish and UK military academies and £3,225 from the Centre for Human
Ecology (Strathclyde Uni) for teaching and thesis supervision.
|April 2009 to March 2010
||Total turnover for the year was £25,719, less bulk
purchase of my books for sale at events and samples, leaving turnover
from main activities as £21,981 which, after deduction of allowable
business expenses of £4,562 leaves a net personal taxable income for the
year of £17,419.
Main items of turnover were £1160 writing & royalties, £10,546
speaking fees, £6,960 teaching fees, £1,172 broadcasting fees, £1665
consultancy fees, and most of the rest from book sales at events.
Main sources of income, or sources that might be considered
controversial, are (in round figures) £1,100 from Scottish Natural
Heritage, £2,500 from the Centre for Human Ecology, £3,300 for keynotes
and workshops for WWF International, £3,000 for a keynote to Nokia, £400
for an executive sharing with Lothian & Borders Police, £1,100 for
lectures to military staff colleges in the UK, Ireland and Switzerland,
and £2,350 for talks and workshops with the Church of Scotland. Further
information on these activities can be found on my
|April 2008 to March 2009
||Total turnover this year was £28,997. Of that, £3,373 was
bulk purchase of books for resale and promotion giving a turnover from
my main activities of £25,624. From this tax deductible business
expenses of £6,922 leaves a net taxable income of £18,701 for the year.
The main sources of income were writing and royalties (£1,179),
speaking fees (£8,867), teaching fees (£4,200), broadcasting fees
(£455), consultancy (£10,517) and book sales (£3,779 - mainly bulk sales
to organisations with which I work - I am not a book retailer though I
sell copies of my own works at some events).
Major (over £1,000) or potentially contentious major sources of
income sources during the year were £1,800 for 200 copies of Hell and
High Water sold to Lafarge for distribution to worldwide senior
management at a conference I addressed (I do not accept fees from
Lafarge for reasons given
here, but I don't mind selling at full whack my book about climate
change); from WWF international for consultancy £5,760 for a report
reviewing their partnership with Lafarge, £2,000 for a report on WTO and
environmental controls on the cement industry, and £1,200 for teaching
on the One Planet Leaders programme; £2,700 from Atlantic NLG (natural
gas) in Trinidad for a video presentation in preference to flying to
address them directly; £3,725 for teaching and thesis supervision on the
CHE MSc in human ecology in partnership with Strathclyde University;
£1,275 for speaking fees at the University of Saskatchewan Dept of
Native Studies, and £350 for lecturing to the UK Defence Academy on
Nonviolence. The speaking fee from Shell plc noted below actually fell
into my accounting period for this financial year.
I expect 2009-10 to be less productive - two major events having
already cancelled due to credit crunch cutbacks.
|April 2007 to March 2008
||Total turnover this year was £22,206, leaving a net
taxable income after deduction of business expenses of £15,846. This
came roughly one third from each of speaking fees, teaching fees and
consultancy fees, plus about £1,000 from writing royalties.
Most of the consultancy work was from both WWF international and WWF
UK, with a little from Friends of the Earth in Northern Ireland. The
speaking included a €2000 fee for a lecture on corporate ethics to
Shell, nearly half of which was recycled into causes including the
Centre for Human Ecology as part of an ethical discernment about such
engagement. £1,600 was received jointly from the Scottish Government and
the Economic & Social Research Council for preparing a paper and
participating in a forum on the fishing industry. And some two thirds of
the teaching money came from Strathclyde University for teaching on the
MSc in human ecology, supervising theses, etc..
|April 2006 to March 2007
||Gross taxable turnover this year was only £12,007 due to
not taking on engagements in the New Year because of Ossian's loss, and
to working on climate change book. Business expenses allowable by the
Inland Revenue were £5,875, leaving a net taxable income for the year of
£6,132. This included:
|£4,635 from Strathclyde University / Centre for Human Ecology
|£1,200 teaching fees from Gibson Institute, University of
|£100 expenses from Lafarge for service on their Sustainability
Stakeholders' Panel. No fee was received for this work which
continues as aftermath of the Harris superquarry campaign.|
| April 2005 to March 2006
|| My gross turnover was £18,664, with business
expenses allowable by the Inland Revenue of £8,385, leaving a net
taxable income for the year of £10,280. This included:
|£5,600 for consultancy with the GalGael Trust beyond the remit of
normal voluntary Board duties, in accordance with Article 30 of the
constitution. This was for management and accountancy
|£5342 for teaching from the Centre for Human Ecology /
Strathclyde University. |
|£385 was received from Lafarge as expenses reimbursement for
service on their Sustainability Stakeholders' Panel. No fee was
received for this work which continues as aftermath of the Harris
|£900 in speaking fees plus travel expenses were received from the Ministry for
Defence for lecturing on nonviolence at ATR Bassingbourne, and twice
at the Joint Services Command & Staff College (see note below).|
|$1,000 from the Garrison Institute in the USA, £500 from the
Russell Trust and £400 from Pollard & Dickson Trust for N.
America lectures as part of bringing back the summit
of Mt. Roineabhal.|
|April 2004 to March 2005
My gross turnover (before deduction of expenses allowable
by the Inland Revenue) for this year has been £14,575.70, the main
components of which were £3023 in speaking fees, £6,000 in
consultancy, £4450 in teaching fees, and the rest for writing,
After deduction of £8,997.77 of expenses for running
my office, travel, etc., my net income for the past year was £4,314.82.
This figure has been accepted by the Inland Revenue. Our family finances
balance because of gifts from benefactors, Verene's earnings and the
fact that we have no debts.
Receipts exceeding £500 were:
|£500 from the Anglican Diocese of Liverpool for Clergy training.|
|£3,000 from the Centre for Human Ecology for teaching on the
Field Trip and Spiritual Activism module.|
|£500 plus travel from WWF International for a lecture in
|£600 plus travel expenses from the Ministry of Defence for lecturing
(on nonviolence) on the Intermediate and Advanced Command &
|£742.98 in expenses claimed against receipts from Lafarge for
work connected with their Sustainability
Stakeholders' Panel. I do not take payment for this work, which
is part of laying down the Harris superquarry campaign. However,
Lafarge staff did arrange for me to be a speaker at a conference on
CSR at the INSEAD European Business School, and I accepted a
speaking fee of €500 (£317) from the School for this, plus travel
expenses and accommodation. |
|£777 from Jersey Education Dept & College for
|£6,000 from the GalGael Trust, Govan, for consultancy mainly on
establishing and fundraising for our new £400,000 premises at
Fairley Street. This work was in excess of normal unpaid Board
duties as the Treasurer, and was agreed in advance by the Board,
notified to our auditors, and paid in accordance with Article 30 of
our constitution, which the Inland Revenue have approved and which
permits such payments. |
|April 2003 - March 2004
Gross income for the financial year 2003-04 was
£10,212, expenses were £6,938, leaving a net taxable income as agreed
with the Inland Revenue of £3,274.
My main work was preparing course materials for the Open
University accredited master's module in Spiritual
Activism that I am developing and teaching at the Centre
for Human Ecology in Edinburgh. This received full accreditation from the
Open University Validation Unit. I also undertook broadcasting work - especially the 4-part BBC
Radio Scotland "Voices for Peace" series. Payments received in excess
of £500 during the financial year were £591 from the BBC, £667 for management
training with Groupe Credit Mutuel, £700 for postgraduate thesis supervision
from the Faculty of Science & Engineering in the University of
Edinburgh, £2,800 for module teaching and field trip organisation with
the CHE, and a grant of £1,870 from the Network for Social Change to
help with the work being undertaken with Lafarge withdrawing from the
|2002 to March 2003
||Gross income for the financial year 2002-03 was £10,980,
expenses were £6,156, leaving a net taxable income of £4,824.
Verene and I have got by mainly from bits of
consultancy work and earnings from writing, speaking, broadcasting teaching etc. - comprising
about £5,000 for each of us, our personal resources bolstered by friend and
family benefactors. Payments received in excess of £500 during the
financial year were £1,615 for thesis supervision and teaching at the CHE,
£600 for an article on St Andrew and feminism for the Daily Mail, and £1,765
remaining advance from Aurum Press on Soil and Soul. As of September 2002 Verene has procured 2 year's
funding for her work, now called the "Community Programme",
which she is managing at the CHE. This involves undertaking Training for Transformation
with black and minority ethnic communities in
Scotland. I advise on this programme, and help especially with fundraising for
it and with looking at aspects of Scottish identity vis-a-vis ethnicity, but I am not employed by it. Her
salary, however, helps to support the work of us both. Payments received by me
in excess of £500 during the financial year were £2,650 for thesis
supervision, module teaching and field trip organisation at the CHE, £2,500 for
senior management training at Groupe Credit Mutuel, and £500 from the Francis
Camfield Charitable Trust for community activism training.
|April - Dec 2001
||Gross income for the financial year 2001-02 was £8,752,
expenses were £4,372, leaving a net taxable income of £4,379.
Verene and I were supported by funding from a private benefactor
for her work, and from a £5,000 transitional
grant that Rowntree gave to me and which the Inland Revenue kindly agreed could
be classed as a tax-free redundancy payment (Ah, that's what I like -
"redundant" social activists!). This indirectly, but crucially, enabled my primary
activity that year being to step back in temporarily and serve as Executive Director of the Centre for Human Ecology
in an unpaid capacity, whilst sorting out certain organisational problems and
procuring funding for the appointment of a permanent Executive Director. I did
not apply for this post, and for various reasons, I am delighted that Osbert
Lancaster has been appointed and is making such a good job of things on a
horribly tight budget - see www.che.ac.uk .
Payments received in excess of £500 during the financial year were
£1,000 for teaching at the CHE and £640 for teaching at Edinburgh
|The 3 years 1998 - March 2001
Action for Transformation is the name that my wife, Vérène
Nicolas, and I, gave to our work when I was funded with an annual grant of
£23,000 including expenses by the Quaker Concerns budget of the Joseph Rowntree
Charitable Trust for the three years ending March 2001. The salary
component of this was about £18,000, the same as I had been on
previously in the university (see below). Over that period we both
lived mainly from this.
Many of the outputs of
this programme will be found listed in the publications section of this website.
It involved community empowerment work with such issues as land
reform, environmental protection, urban deprivation and issues of identity,
belonging and ethnicity. Examples include:
|Having co-founded the Isle of Eigg Trust, and followed this through with
action contributing to Scotland's land reform legislation in the new
|Playing a key role in blocking development in a National Scenic Area of
the proposed Isle of Harris superquarry.|
|Working with Glasgow Mosque on combating Islamophobia, and other
anti-racism initiatives, particularly our Embracing Multicultural
Scotland project and follow-up studies.|
|Working with the head of the Department of Economics in the Russian
Academy of Sciences and with the Russian Orthodox Church on the relationship
between religion and economics.|
|Undertaking a national values discernment process - People and
|Co-founding and providing regular management advice to the GalGael
Trust - a group of marginalised urban youth in Glasgow who are
reclaiming their culture and traditional boatbuilding skills as an antidote
|Working for the removal of nuclear weapons from Scottish soil, including
addressing some 400 senior officers for each of the past 5 years at military
staff college, and being arrested (but found "not guilty") for
participating in a mass blockade at the Faslane submarine base.|
|Writing Soil and Soul and other publications, to suggest where
wellsprings of hope can be found.|
Vérène's work, also based at the Centre for Human Ecology where she too is
a Fellow, has involved working with marginalised women in Scotland and
especially, introducing skills drawn from the Training for Transformation
programme. For information about her work, click www.VereneNicolas.org
||Up until 1996 I was employed full time but paid half time
as postgraduate Teaching Director in the Centre for Human Ecology, then
in the University of Edinburgh, laterally earning about £18,000 a year.
While being recommended to become a senior lecturer the university
closed the Centre, and for about a year I lived on an organic farm on
unemployment benefit while starting to write the book that became
Soil and Soul.
30 August 2016